APB » Wood Treatment Levels
Wood Treatment LevelsCode Requirements:
Pressure Treatment Process
The process of pressure treating wood involves kiln drying the lumber, then placing the members in a cylinder, applying a vacuum, and then applying pressure to force preservatives into the wood.
The amount of chemical absorbed by the member in pounds per cubic foot is used as a rating or retention level for pressure treated wood and lumber.
Chromated Copper Arsenate or CCA-C is not available for residential use due to the fact it contains arsenic. It is still used for foundation wood in many areas and is the recommended solution if available. The Forest Products Laboratory provides more information about different types of wood treatment.
Preservatives are necessary to prevent decay of members due to insects and fungus. In many parts of the country common belief is that allowing concrete to "touch" foundation posts will cause decay. This is caused by purchasing the WRONG foundation post. Properly treated foundation posts will not rot due to contact with concrete, and some areas of the country embedment in concrete is required.
American Wood Protection Association
The AWPA is ANSI accredited and provides standards for wood chemical usage evaluating through rigorous testing of treatment methods and treatment levels for southern yellow pine and douglas fir wood species.
|UC4A - GROUND CONTACT||UC4B - FOUNDATION POSTS|
|CCA-C||Chromated Copper Arsenate||0.40||0.60||ACC||Acid Copper Chromate||0.25||0.25||0.50||---|
|ACQ||Alkaline Copper Quaternary (Types A,B,C)||0.25||0.25||0.40||0.60|
|ACQ||Alkaline Copper Quaternary (Type D)||0.15||0.15||0.40||0.60|
|ACZA||Ammoniacal Copper Zinc Arsenate||0.25||0.25||0.40||0.60|
|CA-B||Copper Azole, Type B||0.10||0.10||0.21||0.31|
|CA-C||Copper Azole, Type C||0.060||0.060||0.15||0.31|
|CuN-W||Waterborne Copper Naphthenate||0.070||0.070||0.11||---|
|PTI||PTI plus Stabilizer||0.013||0.013||---||---|
|SBX||Inorganic Boron (Formosan termites)||0.28||---||---||---|
|SBX||Inorganic Boron (non-Formosan termites)||0.17||---||---||---|
"AWPA Technical Information." AWPA - American Wood Protection Association. Web. 23 Oct. 2010. http://www.awpa.com/references/homeowner.asp"